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African-american Newspapers And Periodicals
"We wish to plead our own cause. Too long have others spoken for us." These words are from the front page of "Freedom's Journal," the first African-American newspaper published in the United States, in 1827, a milestone event in the history of an oppressed people. From then on a prodigious and hitherto almost unknown cascade of newspapers, magazines, letters, and other literary, historical, and popular writing poured from presses chronicling black life in America.
The authentic voice of African-American culture is captured in this first comprehensive guide to a treasure trove of writings by and for a people, as found in sources in the United States, Canada, and the Caribbean. This bibliography of over 6,000 entries is the indispensable guide to the stories of slavery, freedom, Jim Crow, segregation, liberation, struggle, and triumph.
Besides describing many new discoveries--from church documents to early civil rights ephemera, from school records to single-mother newsletters, from artists' journals to labor publications--this work informs researchers where and how to find them (for example, through online databases, microfilm, or traditional catalogs).
Since the end of the Civil War, African-American architects have been responsible for creating houses, schools, research institutes, and other significant buildings throughout the United States. The Widener Library at Harvard University, the Sixteenth Street Baptist Church in Birmingham, Alabama, and Tuskegee Institute's Butler Chapel are just a few examples of prominent buildings designed by African Americans. But even though many of the structures they helped create survive to this day, most of these architects remain virtually unknown.
This unique reference source brings the lives and work of these pioneers to light for the first time. Written by over 100 experts, ranging from archivists to architectural historians, this book chronicles African-American architects from the era of Emancipation to the end of World War II, filling a key gap in existing scholarship.
The number of architects and the scope of their accomplishments will surprise and fascinate readers. Some 160 illustrated A-Z entries include biographical essays as well as commentary on the work of each architect, offering a wealth of information about their lives, their buildings, and the obstacles many had to overcome. Articles provide insight on the history of architectural education at traditionally black colleges and universities, such as Tuskegee Institute, Howard University, Hampton Institute, Florida A&M, and Prairie View A&M. The book features a helpful introductory overview of African Americans in domestic architecture, and an appendix containing a list of buildings by geographical location and architect makes for a handy reference tool
Practical and accessible, this singular work is essential for any library collection serving scholars and students of African-American history, architectural history, and American history in general.
Super Awesome Traditional Philadelphia Recipes
Philadelphia cuisine is not limited to cheese steak. In reality, Philadelphia, Pennsylvania is a mecca for original recipes and food dishes that have become so ingrained in the American culture, many people don't realize their origins or association with the City of Brotherly Love, as the locals call it. The city was founded by William Penn, who is the namesake for state of Pennsylvania.
Philadelphia or "Philly" is one of the oldest cities in the United States. It is the economic anchor to the area known as the "Delaware Valley" which is a valley through which the Delaware River flows.
If visiting Philadelphia, you must visit Independence Hall, where the Declaration of Independence was signed and which houses one of the original copies of the famous document. It also houses the famous cracked Liberty Bell which was rung during the first public reading of the Declaration of Independence.
Other landmarks include the University of Pennsylvania, a private, Ivy League university as well as the Philadelphia Museum of Art which has the famous steps that Sylvester Stallone ran up while training in the first Rocky movie. Near these 72 stone steps, known as the "Rocky Steps," is the statue of Rocky Balboa, which was made for the movie, "Rocky III" and donated to the city by Sylvester Stallone after filming was complete.
Besides Sylvester Stallone, other celebrities from Philadelphia include Will Smith Richard Gere, Bradley Cooper and Anne F. Beiler, an Amish Mennonite who started the famous Auntie Anne's Pretzels.
Pretzels, especially soft pretzels are a staple to any Philadelphian and yellow mustard is always the condiment of choice. The Amish Mennonites are prevalent and run many businesses in the city. A lot of the food in Philadelphia has roots with the Amish and German cuisine.
In the early days of Philadelphia, the city was dominated by taverns. The cuisine therefore has a lot of tavern food. There are also a lot of street vendors and market places. Two of the famous markets are the Italian Market and the Reading Terminal Market. This book is a collection of recipes that I feel best represent the spirit of Philadelphia. I hope that you enjoy!
Authentic Philly Cheesesteak
Philadelphia Soft Pretzel
Philadelphia Maryland Crab Pretzel
Philly Cheesesteak Dip
Philly Cheese Steak Potato Skins
Philly Cheesesteak Pierogi
Philly Cheesesteak Pizza
Philly Cheesesteak Casserole
Philly Cheesesteak Fries
Philly Cheese Steak Quesadilla
Philly Cheesesteak Stuffed Peppers
Philly Cheesesteak Egg Rolls
Philly Cheesesteak Soup
Philly Mac and Cheesesteak
Philly Cheesesteak Stew
Philly Irish Potato Candy
Philadelphia Pepper Pot Recipe
Philly Snapper Soup
Philly Ice Water (Italian Ice)
Philly Pretzel Bread
Philly Pretzel Dogs
Philly Strawberry Pretzel Salad
Philly White Chocolate Covered Pretzels
Philly Caramel Pretzel Nut Popcorn
Philly Salted Caramel Pretzel Bark
Philly Pretzel Rods
Traditional Philly Cheesecake
Philly Funnel Cake
Philadelphia Porchetta (Roast Pork Sandwich or Italian Hoagie)
Philly Cinnamon Raisin Soft Pretzels
Philly Jalapeno Cheese Pretzel Bites
Philly Pretzel Dough Pizza
The African-american Family In Slavery And Emancipation
In The African-American Family in Slavery and Emancipation, Wilma Dunaway calls into question the dominant paradigm of the US slave family. She contends that US slavery studies have been flawed by neglect of small plantations and export zones and exaggeration of slave agency. Using data on population trends and Slave narratives, she identifies several profit-maximizing strategies that owners implemented to disrupt and endanger African-American families, including forced labor migrations, structural interference in marriages and childcare, sexual exploitation of women, shortfalls in provision of basic survival needs, and ecological risks. This book is unique in its examination of new threats to family persistence that emerged during the Civil War and Reconstruction.
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