Steps Youth Dance
Since the end of the Civil War, African-American architects have been responsible for creating houses, schools, research institutes, and other significant buildings throughout the United States. The Widener Library at Harvard University, the Sixteenth Street Baptist Church in Birmingham, Alabama, and Tuskegee Institute's Butler Chapel are just a few examples of prominent buildings designed by African Americans. But even though many of the structures they helped create survive to this day, most of these architects remain virtually unknown.
"We wish to plead our own cause. Too long have others spoken for us." These words are from the front page of "Freedom's Journal," the first African-American newspaper published in the United States, in 1827, a milestone event in the history of an oppressed people. From then on a prodigious and hitherto almost unknown cascade of newspapers, magazines, letters, and other literary, historical, and popular writing poured from presses chronicling black life in America.
The authentic voice of African-American culture is captured in this first comprehensive guide to a treasure trove of writings by and for a people, as found in sources in the United States, Canada, and the Caribbean. This bibliography of over 6,000 entries is the indispensable guide to the stories of slavery, freedom, Jim Crow, segregation, liberation, struggle, and triumph.
Besides describing many new discoveries--from church documents to early civil rights ephemera, from school records to single-mother newsletters, from artists' journals to labor publications--this work informs researchers where and how to find them (for example, through online databases, microfilm, or traditional catalogs).
(Brief background note: I was ordained in the Episcopal Church in 1966, and was inspired to write and publish this book in 2002. I am having it republished so it can be available once again, in both print and now in electronic versions.) Church traditions, formed in previous times and places, may have quite a stagnating effect on church communities and the individuals members today in the 21st century. Earlier traditions that were constructed from a vision of early observations and understandings of an earth centric universe are not compatible with our scientific revelations now. They contradict what we now know and obscure God's intended message of compassion and love to all people in all times and places. This book points to older traditions and how they may have become harmful in the lives of individuals and communities when they remain too long. Traditionalism then causes conflict and confusion with today's growing verifiably factual understanding of our world today.Traditionalism, traditions held too long, often hinders the ability of people's advancement in personal knowledge and understanding that is important for maturity and wholeness in living well. When church tradition is elevated to the status of doctrine it begins to weaken the vitality of the church by endangering its relationship and validity in the 21st century. Christian communities who blindly follow established religion, without examining the origin of earlier traditions, are at risk of stagnation under the weight of these earlier traditions that are no longer applicable.As a follower of the historical Jesus in early Galilee, I equate the conflicts Jesus had with the Temple clergy might be a recognition of Tradition verses Traditionalism and perhaps be The Apparent Heresy of Jesus in his own day.
A compelling story of agency, survival, struggle and triumph over adversity.
This text illuminates the central place of African Americans in U.S. history by telling the story of what it has meant to be black in America and how African-American history is inseparably woven into the greater context of American history. African Americans draws on recent research to present black history within broad social, cultural and political frameworks. From Africa to the 21st century, this book follows the long turbulent journey of African Americans, the rich culture they have nurtured throughout their history and the quest for freedom through which African Americans have sought to counter oppression and racism. This text also recognizes the diversity within the African-American sphere, providing coverage of class and gender and balancing the lives of ordinary men and women with accounts of black leaders.
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